Video Games

The list of video games below are those we read about and discussed in this course, most of which reflect those cited in Tristan Donovan’s book Replay: The History of Video Games. They are organized into decades as a way of understanding their cultural content (which is what we are studying) as much as their technological development. Note that the author’s focus extends predominantly to commercial games.

1950s
“Computer Chess Program” (1950): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yJZlozoQ4jI
“Tennis for Two” (1959): http://playitagainproject.org/the-william-a-higinbotham-game-studies-collection/

1960s
“Spacewar!” (1962): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UP2OaKHaDxM
“IQ Computer” (1969): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oh2j3W6me-U

1970s
“Conway’s Game of Life” (1970): http://pmav.eu/stuff/javascript-game-of-life-v3.1.1/
“Oregon Trail” (1971): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h5J6r9dneBo
“Galaxy Game” (1971): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rVprIIDDLYY
“Pong” (1972): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e4VRgY3tkh0
“Magnavox Odyssey” (1972): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dj66VO1J9gQ
“Space Race” (1973): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0eBUoY6W8BY
“Clean Sweep” (1974): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bTO5JjwbXv0
“Dungeons and Dragons” (1974): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ODiPD5Ix768
“Gran Trak 10,” (1974): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uPSnhHx1s5w
“Tank” (1974): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3OsBUzYBJgU
“Gun Fight” (1975): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qf9vvMwqFvk
“Spirit of 76” (1975): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FIduPLD1Fm4
“Break Out” (1976): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hW7Sg5pXAok
“Death Race” (1976): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aBBtt72aJLA
“Flyball” (1976): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hiC2rs9aM0U
“Night Driver” (1976): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u2SC94sktKU
“Adventure” (1976): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4TkV9y15XRw
“Microchess” (1976): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xoAl6vcwj78
“Zork!” (1977-79): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k1bLBy7gQPI
“Tanktics” (1977): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhkluoxL9cA
“Combat” (1977): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9E8xnaWm2Cg
“Speak & Spell” (1977): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CwfEx2jTau4
“Atari Football” (1978): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WN43WiS5nYo
“Space Invaders” (1978): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=437Ld_rKM2s
“Lunar Lander” (1979): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=McAhSoAEbhM
“Tailgunner” (1979): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sgRrPDYvTdM

1980s
“Ultima: The First Age of Darkness” (1980): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NrQFzWO4pYo
“Mystery House” (1980): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NrH4AJ_q7FA
“Defender” (1980): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GdUlS_cSMoE
“Pac-Man” (1980); https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dScq4P5gn4A
“Game & Watch, Ball”(1980) : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3UhZwwTfu8c
“The Wizard and the Princess” (1981): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h2pnctpFUiw
“Kikori no Yosuka” (1981): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D1FpDeznk5g
“Tempest” (1981): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AMto2HJJSSA
“Galaga” (1981): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cq9I7OvEaFo
“Tron” (1982): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1fSUos8x73I
“Sinistar” (1982): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xcyBtVwAsfg
“Custer’s Revenge” (1982): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v0RdU1A7jiQ
“Donkey Kong” (1982): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=spUpSbWq6H0
“Utopia” (1982): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jfrHwP_Ee2I
“Q*bert” (1982): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=karPYs22ACc
“Xevious” (1982): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jlq360e3bdI
“Night Life” Wikipedia page for the game (1982): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Night_Life_(video_game)
“Major Havoc” (1983): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9n6I1KPxOfE
“Dragon’s Lair” (1983): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i6em4GRiRY0
“Manic Miner” (1983): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BgUzteADsRI
“Attack of the Mutant Camels” (1983): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2IHc7XqJeTw
“The Hobbit” (1983): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1vpLgHV0pgk
“Ultima III: Exodus” (1983): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bfgNCOJsxm4
“Karateka” (1984): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKqk9kosCs4
“The Black Onyx” (1984): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=364J35Sk3zM
“Deus Ex Machina” (1984): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vwJBsYJ16IE
“Tetris” (1984): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XJxMetIKkEw
“Elite” (1984): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h1f9bhYRDPk
“Duck Hunt” (1984): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x-daxzVxrQI
“Raid on Bungeling Bay” (1984): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nQCi6r–Asw
“Pimania” (1985): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PqezCJTWgQ0“Meurtre à Grande Vitesse” screen shots from game (1985): http://dcmoto.free.fr/programmes/meurtre-a-grande-vitesse/index.html
“Pinball Construction Set” (1985): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ow0X7IrzzO8
“Little Computer People” (1985): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SkTgX1mGmDg
“Raid Over Moscow” (1985): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EmUB0aW5G1Q
“Déjà Vu: A Nightmare to Remember” (1985): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dkyu1ZqJpGs
“Balance of Power” (1985, screen shots of 1990 edition): http://macintoshgarden.org/games/balance-of-power-the-1990-edition
“Dragon Quest” (1986): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FBaE0mNexTs
“The Legend of Zelda” (1986): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kKslvLb6Rvc
“Super Mario” (1986): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q0YEGHpEgMU
“Defender of the Crown” (1986): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=86ArHF1qi_0
“A Mind Forever Voyaging” (1986): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBsz6yuWtu4&list=PLB79EAF9CB3C74338
“Hanse” (1986, updated version, 1994): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JfDdg4TW3ok
“Final Fantasy” (1987): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TcPoa9M9v3o
“Mixed Up Mother Goose” (1987): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F_9Izu6gpnQ
“Manic Mansion” (1987): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pjiyHCO31uc
“Earl Weaver Baseball” (1987): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKp_fP06f0Q
“The Manhole” (1988/89): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JC2AgMnTFd4
“La Abadía del Crimen” (1988): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h1f9bhYRDPk
“Captain Blood” (1988): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wahX3kMg1JI
“Freedom: Rebel in the Darkness” screen shots from game (1988): http://www.mobygames.com/game/freedom-rebels-in-the-darkness/screenshots
“Narc” (1988): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6sGN894PdEU
“Final Fight” (1989): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CqOlpQ7sepE
“Square’s Tom Sawyer” (1989): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aFAUeOHlK7Y
“Alpha Waves” (1989): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bF_a6qMeWP8
“Populous” (1989): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NTGneDh-SMY

1990s
“Civilization” (1990): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TIP44q3JQ8o
“Wing Commander” (1990): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GbzioZBTUIU
“SimCity” (1991): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dJnSdf2jsbY“Dactyl Nightmare” (1991): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v6t69mp0ZhE
“Catacomb 3D” (1991): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jsqIW_xvdrk
“John Madden Football” (1991): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kYgmmnzoVjU
“Road Rash” (1991, later version shown): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Nw_ob0gKR8
“Street Fighter II” (1991): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6OlenbCC4WI
“Lemmings” (1991): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6IG3VUV_M2E
“Sonic the Hedgehog” (1991): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CqOlpQ7sepE
“Fantastic Adventures of Dizzy” (1991): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nogKIfJy6_g
“Hexic” (1991): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mjcTljaDBH4
“Bible Adventures” (1991): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T9_A2lZZKFo
“Ultima Underworlds: The Stygian Abyss” (1992): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OYTit60G6Hk
“Night Trap”: (1992) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ia29PSVOXL4
“Alone in the Dark” (1992): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qYr5J877tsU
“Wolfenstein 3D” (1992): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-YNw_tqRiac&list=PL7521AC9D6DCE4C6C
“Microcosm” (1993): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IQFRAKCv4qc
“Star Wars: Rebel Assault” (1993): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=359qyiXskCE
“Myst” (1993): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Htsj_msQtBM
“Doom” (1993): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jP2jI0BVG0w
“Tekken” (1994): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KUtEr25l928
“The Elder Scrolls” (1994): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UyWnTKt3GD0
“The Orion Conspiracy” (1995): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KJ7TThxGakY
“Earthworm Jim 2” (1995): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mrVzG3Ix-BQ
“Can of Worms” (1995/2005) [updated version]: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpNpqC8aYhs
“Mortal Kombat” (1995): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O07FnB6Agoc
“Phantasmagoria” (1995): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oAXC-MwfpHA
“Tomb Raider” (1996): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jIfrf2LLdUI
“Barbie Fashion Designer” (1996): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x62hwsAlzZ8
“Quake” (1996): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6g70rtT96DY
“Resident Evil,” (1996): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ij7FWQJR0e8
“Urban Runner” (1996): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5cmSEYe1VSg
“Parappa the Rapper” (1996): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x_A49uwu0xU
“Kingdom of the Winds” (1996): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pcLkVGTUW6w&list=PLWHBgszUp7LJtKsQ2SqoVNsxWUno-xPbP
“Beatmania” (1997): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BGB6Yui-RxU
“Goldeneye 007” (1997): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a4qJ8wNfgXY
“Grand Theft Auto” (1997): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ixWHZHnxVw
“Dance Dance Revolution”(1998): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Lc5v8AP3F4
“Star Craft” (1998): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4RuQ4WdoT7U
“Half-Life” (1998, game review): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u7tKUlNLL4w
“Gabriel Knight 3” (1999): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n9ZlEFkx46M&list=PLjjNZRzFam-oimaSE8YjGnp9VZFpzKDYl
“EverQuest” (1999): inside the game video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LBQSHfGHj74
“The Longest Journey” (1999): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qZ1bHSu1IHY

2000s
“Operation Flashpoint” (2001): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OjdCWCjb_Lw
“Halo: Combat Evolved” (2001): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zCq9WCSGy4M
“Warcraft III” (2002): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ml5YnB9-VZo
“Dead or Alive Xtreme Beach Volleyball” (2003): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sZLaIGFkkj4
“Second Life” (2003): https://www.youtube.com/user/Secondlife“
Façade” (2005): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Gmmeh9WQ-U“Guitar Hero” (2005): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8HT1oowAO-g
“Rock Band” (2007): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8HT1oowAO-g
“Nintendo Wii Fit” (2007): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Taruqvk30E
“Grand Theft Bicycle,” by Steve Gibson (2007): http://grandtheftbicycle.com
“S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl” (2007): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O-IrgkrM2DU
“BioShock” (2007): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lmw78t8NgIE
“LittleBigPlanet” (2008): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q2Gw6BwLSLs
“Spore” (2008): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fL5UIu3qAsQ
“Fall-Out 3” (2008): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pAN0ByjSsV4
“Every Day the Same Dream” (2009): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5L_pThrg3lw

2010s
“Strange Rain” (2010): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cApshBRTjcw
“Pokémon Online Game” (2011): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WqNQF8XvXjU