Framing

Framing (camera position)

Variety of camera positions and angles keeps the eyes busy and interested, evokes the space and psychology of characters. Maintaining a single angle or distance reinforces a point of view.

types of camera positions:

ELS – extreme long shot (landscape)


LS – long shot (full body)


MLS – medium long shot (from knees up)

M – medium (from waist up)

MCU – medium close-up (from chest/shoulders up)


CU – close-up (face)


ECU – extreme close-up (portion of face)

lens length:

wide angle = opens space, more distance, more inclusive


telephoto/zoom = collapses space, more intimate, separate from background.

types of camera angles:

high


low


canted/Dutch

types of subject compositions:

frontal
3/4 front
left/right profile
3/4 back – over the shoulder, POV
behind
profile two shot
direct to camera two shot
over the shoulder two shot
headroom, look room
subjective/objective styles

rule of thirds in shot composition

Examples

Keep Track of Camera Framing:

 

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