Evolution of Cinema Language

EARLIEST FORMS

Eadweard Muybridge – motion studies (1878)

Thomas Edison – Kinetoscope, movement, sensational (1896)

 

Lumiere Brothers- outside (light), portable, travel, “documentaries” (1895)

 

Melies – theater, vaudeville, fantasy, special effects, illusion (1909)

 

HER TRUST – D.W. Griffith (1912)

D.W. Griffith

“A shot of a whole battlefield would be incomprehensible because looking at real things, the human vision fastens itself upon a quick succession of small comprehensible incidents like a mosaic out of such detail- the director counterfeits the operation of the eye with his lens and varies the length of shots to avoid the hypnotic affect.” – Griffith

 

Continuity Editing (The Classical Hollywood Style)

objective camera, invisible editing, dramatic tension (desire and obstacle), cause and effect chains

His Girl Friday, 1940 – directed by  Howard Hawks

INTER-FRAME NARRATIVE- editing

  • 180 degree rule
  • Cut in
  • Match on Action
  • Parallel action
  • Motivated Pov shot
  • Eyeline match
  • Flashback
  • Multiple camera set ups
  • Close up
  • Extreme long shot/Establishing shot
  • Cross cutting, intercutting / Parallel Action
  • Visual Dramatic climax. Form=Content

INTRA-FRAME NARRATIVE-

  • production design
  • mise en scène: set /costume / acting/ facial expression/gesture
  • pan
  • tilt
  • camera angle
  • lighting effect
  • fade
  • dissolve
  • iris shot
  • mask
  • split screen
  • soft focus
  • matte shot

 


 

IN-CLASS EXERCISE:

Download Youtube video – get Firefox Addon – 1-Click Youtube Downloader

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