Time Frames

Building blocks of cinematic storytelling: Framing (moving camera), Continuity Editing, Montage and Mise-en-scène

Framing: distance from subject, angle, diagonal lines, foreground-middleground-background, depth, light/shadow, focus/unfocus, focal length, depth of field, rule of thirds, moving frame, duration

Continuity Editing: extended cinematic space – screen movement + narrative momentum + viewer imagination – the motivated shot, screen direction, 180 degree rule, 30 degree rule, match on action, graphic match, eyeline match, POV

Montage: juxtaposition of discontinuous shots: rapid cuts, rhythm, emotional sequences, thoughts, ideas, summary of events, passage of time, voice-over sequence, associational thinking, commentary, evidence, split screen

Time, narrative and editing…


Discontinuous Continuity

Parallel Action:


Forever with Maya Rudolph sequence – narrative rhythm…

Temporal Montage:

screen time <= story time

Illusion of Continuous time: screen time <= story time


Compressed time:  screen time < story time

Long takes:  screen time = story time

The Cranes Are Flying – by Mikhail Kalatozov


Expanded time: screen time > story time


Alternating Expanded and Contracted time

160 Characters from Victoria Mapplebeck 


Post-continuity or “Chaos” Cinema



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