Some cinema and narrative techniques used in the film Run Lola Run would be the director (Tom Tykwer) use of time manipulation while transitioning between multiple sequences for Lola and her boyfriend Manni. Tykwer broke free from the traditional Hollywood styles by utilizing time to tell a visually detailed story through multiple plot sequences in time (three). Tykwer was able to stretch a short 20 minute scene into an hour and half by seeming together multiple perspectives. This film for me, has a digital aesthetic feel by utilizing and incorporating digital animation into the film to tell or match parts of the action scenes such of Lola running. This helped set a mood while focusing (distracting) the viewers attention on the protagonist. Time is stretched by utilizing and manipulating various camera angles and positions such as POV and shot reverse shot. He uses the classic Hollywood shots however as he includes an establishing shot, medium and close up shot which is helpful when transitioning and guiding the viewer throughout the film, or sequence of shots.
– Bryan Kipp
For the continuity assignment I decided to utilize the tools and various materials around my boss’s house to capture what it might look like to break down an old heat pump to a house. For this project I used various camera angles and positions to keep the video visually interesting while incorporating specific elements in the video to capture where the process took place and what tools could be used for this type of work. I started the video with a scene from the road capturing a medium close-up shot of the mailbox from an interesting angle to engage the viewer visually which continued throughout the video. This establishing shot is followed by other visually information (essential details) such as existing heat pumps that’s already connected to a house and various materials such as copper and aluminum that’s built into these heating and air conditioning units. These scenes help establish the narrative for this short video which then builds on the climax of the video. During the short film the weather changed periodically and decided to incorporate part of that element (wind blowing) into the video, not only for aesthetics, but to visually represent a better understanding of what the weather was like while working outside. After working on the framing assignment I wanted to incorporate specific parts that I thought worked really well, such as camera positions/angles and other factors that significantly helped in the last project while focusing on better transitions between scenes for this continuity assignment.
For this assignment I wanted to create a longer video then before utilizing the full 60 seconds for this video. By having twice as much time then our previous assignment I was able to create a better narrative for the video by having more in depth steps visually by having longer times per scene. These longer shots helped the aesthetic feel because the scenes didn’t seem to jump around as quick and the viewer could visually understand the narrative better. After the narrative was figured out I wanted to create continuity throughout the video by utilizing the various camera positions and angles. This project had its ups and downs as the weather started to not work in my favor as it rained profusely periodically throughout the week. The creative aspect of this assignment was challenging as there were many steps involved in the process of disassembling these air-conditioning units. Many scenes didn’t work as the framing, timing, and content didn’t match or work well with other transitional scenes. I had to chop up a process that took well over the 30 minute duration.
Time and space can be manipulated in digital cinema by sequencing various camera angles and scenes together instead of utilizing just one panel or frame to tell the whole story. Adding more scenes in a video (creating intervals between them) can depict a longer illusion of time as the viewer will make an educated guess, most likely as Scott McCloud explained in Understanding Comics, consciously placing time between them. By removing panels/gutters or transitions between scenes, the viewer unconsciously misconstrues time, however, because there is no visually evidence that change ever took place. McCloud uses a great analogy/example, when comparing a rope with time as he points out that things can get confusing and tangled up when shot in a continuous scene, picture, or panel as everything gets combined together and seen as a single moment in time. Instead, utilize multiple panels or scenes to tell a story to create depth or manipulation in time. Much like how the panel shapes in comics can manipulate time by including boarders, longer scenes or jump cuts in digital cinema can replicate the same effect by creating the illusion that time has passed. Creatively focus on the continuity between scenes while working in digital cinema will help allow a smoother transition between ideas and or scenes. Just like time or panel scenes, sound can also manipulate time as the viewer focuses on specific sounds and utilizes them for a descriptive perception of whats and when things are happening such as closing a door or answering a phone.
(ELS) Extreme Long Shot
(LS) Long Shot
(MLS) Medium Long Shot
(MS) Medium Shot
(MCU) Medium Close Up
(CU) Close Up
Throughout the film the director uses various shots/scenes in order to highlight and display specific elements that is needed. By having extreme long shots, it helps give the viewer an idea for an established location. The viewer is then able to understand where the film is taking place, and is able to see other important elements in the scene such as the “mise-en-scene” information used for props and facial expressions. The director uses closer shots to display more of an intimate and emotional scene, such as the long shot which shows Forest and Jenny holding hands as they walk through the woods. Other scenes are captured using medium shots which helps to show important moments in the film, such as Forest receiving his letter of discharge from the military. Other scenes utilize close up shots to show greater significance in the film, such as Forest Gump’s teacher explaining how unintelligent forest is in-front of his mother. The camera itself zooms in to show a close of Forest’s GPA to show how much different he is compared to the other students.
– Bryan Kipp
Cell phones have significantly changed society through various means of communication along with other digital technology that’s built into the new smartphones such as videography and photography. These technological improvements over the years have helped many individuals gain the spotlight with their Instagram followers or even YouTube videos which has helped start celebrities careers like Justin Bieber. Many individuals have access to technology like never before and are able to record and upload videos to the internet within minutes. Along with the many quality characteristics smartphones have developed, it’s still hard to imagine cell phones dominating over other technological devices from the past in the video industry. Why not remediate previous models to make smaller, faster, stronger like the VHS and CDR improvements?
These two films are trying to be original while utilizing previous traditional methods. For example, I haven’t seen animated script used for an introduction in a while and feel like Michel Gondry’s use of leaving the animated shots in the video (showing the hand drawing the map) in-between scenes/transitions for his animated text was a way of being original instead of cutting them out. The road map was also a nice touch as it worked well with the script writing and aesthetic feel to the video.
Without watching High Flying Bird and Unsane, I would disagree with Soderbergh’s statement about smartphones becoming the future of filmmaking because it’s still a relatively new concept. The disadvantages of using a smartphone to record can be seen in the short films such as unstable imagery and shaky camera movements like Sarah Atkinson described in How your smartphone is changing cinema. However, Steve Levitan a creator and producer of the TV show Modern Family mentioned that since they are already working digitally, not much has changed when recording with a smartphone (Buzzfeed). Michel Gondry’s film Detour was noticeable with its hand held camera work, but felt that it worked in a good way with the plot and specific type of video for his film. Some automatisms of digital video today are visual effects and computer generated imagery which is used commonly to help for 3D graphics. It can be useful to utilize the various digital platforms such as YouTube, both for creators and consumers. These platforms help connect individuals for a variety of purposes all over the world. Consumers benefit from these platforms not only by being able to upload material, but also the opportunity to listen to what consumers have to say which can benefit them significantly. Other individuals such as the consumers benefit from a wide variety of materials (how to videos, movie trailers, and short videos) that can be free or paid subscription.
Atkinson, Sarah. “How your smartphone is changing cinema”. The Conversation. Published January 27, 2016. Retrieved August 22, 2019. https://theconversation.com/how-your-smartphone-is-changing-cinema-53525
Gondry, Michel. Détour. YouTube. Снято во Франции на iPhone 7 Plus. Black Fire, Published on Jul 6, 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2019. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ryk0eny1j0M
Lindbergh, Ben. “The Rise of the iPhone Auteur”. The Ringer. Published February 7, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019. https://www.theringer.com/movies/2019/2/7/18214924/steven-soderbergh-high-flying-bird-iphone-tangerine-unsane-netflix
– Bryan Kipp
Hello, my name is Bryan Kipp and I’m a senior in the DTC program. I have worked with video for animation and other documentary project assignments in the past where we used Adobe programs such as Premiere and After Effects for transitions and special effects. My junior year here at Washington State University I completed two foreign film classes which we studied camera angles, movements, and various lighting techniques. When it comes to YouTube I don’t have a favorite video necessarily as I tend to use this platform for other things like “how to videos” for school and mechanical work for various projects. These videos tend to serve a different purpose in my opinion as they are usually a continuous shot that is quickly filmed and put up online for others to utilize and learn from.
For this assignment I thought the video (REI Trailheads Bikepacking Episode 3: The Trail Mix Bike Gang) had a creative approach with the dialogue and narrative for the story. I liked the hard cuts between scenes and the use of overlaying maps and other visual evidence while utilizing hand-held cameras and other technology like drones to tell their story. I find outdoor videos like nature, vacation, and adventure trips to be the most fascinating to me because it motivates me to get outside and be more active. I want to pursue future projects with a similar approach to REI’s video.