Continuity — take 2

This is a second attempt at “continuity”. After seeing the submissions of other students, I misunderstood continuity framing. I realize I was off the mark with the volleyball video (perhaps it’s more of a montage?)

For this visit to ULTA, I took videos of Lynelle, getting her brows done by Chrissy, the Benefits Brow Bar specialist. Lynelle has seen Chrissy for several years. And, since Chrissy has already been featured on Facebook Live by another client, she was open to being the subject for my school project.

While editing, I found I missed many opportunities to truly tie clip-to-clip:

— Once in ULTA, I don’t have footage from within the doorway to the Brow Bar ( Well…I did realize I shouldn’t video other customers.)

— The direction the camera was moving was not inline with the direction Lynelle was looking.

— Chrissy was fast. And, I didn’t think to have her slow down or reshoot every step of her application of wax.

— I didn’t have the best angle — at times, Chrissy’s arm was in the way?!?

— The process of getting brows done:

  • I didn’t video when Chrissy was putting the stick into the waxer and applying it to Lynelle’s face.
  • I didn’t have footage of the wax ‘strip’ being pulled from the brow.

It’s still a mystery to me of how to present continuity, whether it’s obvious and shown in the clip. Or, when you can use other methods to allow the viewer to make connections via context clues.

To observe a movie by it’s cinematic production — how the cuts add to the story or the meaning behind framing — this is new to me, an exercise that I don’t do. For example, Will explained “160 Characters” and how the editing convey ‘time passing’. Interesting …

Alexis Sabatini Continuity

For this continuity assignment I went to my work which is a coffee shop to record my friend. I did different angles for shots but tried to continue them as one movement moved towards the next to make them continuous. I had her move from one counter to the next to show her moving from one task to a different task. I tried to show what it looks like to pull an espresso shot and pour it into a cup continuously.

Continuity Assignment

The visual story for this assignment is simple: the subject goes to his work station to paint a new figurine, finishes part of it, and then leaves his work station.

In terms of continuity editing, I think there are a few moments that work well. For example, the transition from the over-the-shoulder shot, to the shot through the magnifying glass, to the close-up shot of the figurine suggests the passage of time while the subject engages in a visually stagnant activity. Another bit of continuity editing that works well is when the subject reaches off-screen for a specific color of paint, and it cuts to a close-up shot of him grabbing the paint. This keeps the video visually interesting, as well as gives the viewer more information on the subject’s surroundings.

A sequence that I think takes away from the continuity of the video is the first shot on the desk, just as the subject reaches for the paint. I cut this section too short for the viewer to adequately register both what the subject is doing, as well as what is on the desk. Another sequence that takes away from the story is when the subject puts the figurine down. The motion is there, but it is not dramatic enough to effectively suggest the subject completing his goal.

My framing choices for the shots I filmed for this video were influenced by Michael Rosenblum’s 5-Shot Sequence. A framing choice that I think works well is the over-the-shoulder shot of the subject applying paint to the brush. I think this shot leads into the next one effectively, since it shows what the subject is doing, and hides just enough so that the paintbrush goes behind the lamp, making the viewer want to see what is behind it.


Continuity Assignment

For this assignment I decided to make a video of my wife getting ready to take my dog for a walk. This is a simple task that we do every day so I knew I could make a video of it for this continuity assignment.

I started with a long shot to bring my wife into frame from the left and grab the leash. Then a close-up of my wife’s hand grabbing the leash. Back to the long shot of my wife turning around and calling my dog over. Then I switched to a lower angle shot to show the perspective of my dog walking over to get leashed up. Then as they walk through the door, I switched to a medium shot from the outside of them walking through the door past the camera.

I think all of the shots flow together well continuously. What worked for me was keeping the number of shots taken low. I only used about 5 shots for the video so my continuity didn’t get lost from overcomplication. However, after watching the video a few times, I think I would have liked to get a couple more close-up shots to make the viewer feel more involved in what is going on in the video.

Egg-celent Continuity Assignment


For this assignment, I chose to film myself making eggs (I know, a very original idea) to capture the principles of continuity. I used a variety of different camera angles, some filmed on a tripod, and some filmed by hand. Although the actual activity took about 5 to 10 minutes, I was able to edit my video down to one minute in length. The video starts off with a medium-shot showing the kitchen with me taking the eggs out of the fridge. I tried to match the movement of me walking to the counter with the cut of me walking to the counter. I acted out the action of me taking the eggs out of the fridge and walking to the counter twice from two different camera angles. I also filmed the action of me turning on the burner twice, once from close-up, and once from a medium-shot. I had my fiancé help hold the camera for me with the shot of me flipping the egg because he was too shy to be my movie star. The one cut that I think I could have worked in a little better was the close-up of the egg with the steam coming off it. It is a bit jolting because it does not have as much continuity. I just really wanted to include it because the steam looked cool, but after looking at it all put together, I think that this shot disrupts the continuity that I had going on. The video ends with the close-up shot of my dog begging, then me putting the plate down at her feet. This final shot was filmed as a close-up because I thought that it would be a bit more visually interesting as a close-up instead of as a medium-shot. I think that this last shot of my dog eating the egg would have also worked well as a medium-shot. I was having a hard time deciding which to choose. If I had another egg, I would have filmed the shot twice from both distances and compared it. Alas, I had only one egg and limited time.

Continuity Video Assignment

For my continuity assignment I chose to make a video of myself “drawing”. To do this, I started off with an establishing shot, or shots rather. I used multiple shots in quick succession telling the audience quickly what I will be doing. I start by showing my table, then quickly add glasses, drawing utensils, and a drawing pad with cuts in between. After establishing my workstation I switched to a high angle shot of me opening the drawing pad. Followed by me picking a drawing utensil in a closer and a less angled shot. I proceed back to a high angle view that’s showing me starting to draw. I then switch to a close up of myself drawing, with the pencil and my hand visible through the reflection of my glasses. I then show a close up of the finished artwork, but spoiler alert, it isn’t mine. My video ends with a different close up of me breaking the 4th wall.

After making this video I’ve gained many insights, I can tell what works and what doesn’t, which was actually difficult for me to do during filming. I think the quick succession of me placing items in the frame worked well, though I noticed there are very slight differences between some frames, caused due to my movements between the cuts. I tried to follow the 180 degree rule when I could which I think worked well, but sometimes it felt like I couldn’t get the best angle so I had to be a little more flexible with my angles. Something else I now notice that works well is my hands and the items in the video contrasting very nicely with the dark table, it is very clear to see what I was doing in the video. Which is actually my favorite part because the camera focused very nicely and I love the fact that the reflection of my hand and the pencil is visible on my glasses, this was unintentional so it is a nice surprise. What didn’t work so well is the camera losing focus by the movement of my hands, but this is probably something I can fix if I get some practice with my camera settings. Similarly the camera loses a little bit of focus in the final shot. Overall though I do like how this turned out, I was able to follow continuity. I think every single shot was clearly after the previous and that was my main goal for this particular assignment.


Run Lola Run

From the very start of the movie the countiniy editing was there and it was obvious. I loved the start of the film because it set the pace and run to the narrative. The narrative which was focused on those two things was perfectly introduced. I thought this was a very well orchestrated and thought out film for this reason. Setting a pace gives the viewer a pretty good idea for the duration of the film.

I’ve choose the following scene as an example of the obvious continuity.

We see Lola running for the third time, in one shot we see her running and then a bright yellow train appears riding alongside her. The following clip we get a wide long distance shot in where she keeps running and we see the train appear on its tracks again, going by. This helps establish the pace and length she has run. We perceive it’s a fast train and our brain fills in the connection of her having run a good distance to where the train would completely reappear as well. As the prompt for this post questions whether time has been stretched or compressed, I this this scene is an example of compression. The stretch of time and distance has been significantly compressed by the speeding train that appears in the shots. It appears in one shot, only to then reappear. The bright color chosen for the train is also an indication that it was rightfully placed there. Moving objects in scenes really help establish the hurried pace. We saw this all throughout the movie, if it almost seemed like Lola was just running in place then objects around her would give a hurried feel and movement to the scene.

Run Lola Run



I chose the scene where Manni is about to rob the supermarket in the first iteration in the film. I think the scene fits very well with the overall structure of the film because it focuses on time, which is arguably the main theme of the film. The main character continuously races against time and this sequence slows down time. This makes it not only fit the narrative structure but it also makes it stand out more since majority of the film is loud, quick, and intense, while this sequence is more captivating. Continuity is used very effectively in this segment, we see Manni standing outside of the supermarket while the scene of Lola merges with the former scene. The characters are facing each other while Manni waits for Lola as she runs to him. The merged scene shows Lola enter the frame in Manni’s perspective, but she’s late. Manni’s scene becomes separated again quickly followed by Lola’s own scene as she continues to run. The shots are great in this scene because as time slows down the audience is able to tell that that Manni and Lola are close very close to each other. The audience suspects that Manni is on the verge of disaster and that Lola is running to avert that disaster. The decision to compress time during this sequence emphasis the vitality of the immediate moments. Changing and combining the perspectives of Manni and Lola drives the narrative very well, and the music used during the sequence supports this narrative even more.

Run Lola Run

Run Lola Run Scene

The scene I chose is when Lola is at the casino playing at the roulette table.

How does the scene fit with the overall narrative structure of the movie? 

This scene demonstrates the overall narrative structure of the movie, through how astronomically high the chances are to get the same number twice in a game of roulette. This perfectly matches the rest of the movie as it revolves around all the possible outcomes of the scenario Lola is in, leading to this scenario to be the best and least plausible outcome for Lola and the other characters in the movie compared to the two other alternate timelines. This scene adds to the previous scenarios due to how outlandish the odds of accomplishing her goal of getting 100,000 marks in under twenty minutes. The scene also builds off Lola’s character development in that she will find a way no matter what to save Ronnie even the impossible such as betting all the money she has and miraculously winning at roulette with the same number twice in a row. This results in all the casino patrons to stare at her as she leaves emphasizing how strange this scenario is.

First spin landing on 20

Second spin landing on 20

The aftermath of her winning twice in a row with the same number

How is continuity editing used in the scene? 

Continuity editing is used in this scene throughout the beginning of her entering the casino getting her chips and going to the roulette table being one single line from each door which gives the audience a sense of where Lola is in the casino based on the straight line she took from the main door to the roulette table.

1.Lola entering the Casino

2. Lola at the cage/Casino teller

3.Lola going through second Casino door

4.Lola coming from bottom of frame showing the direction and path she took to get to the table.

 Continuity is used throughout the scene but most notably it is used during Lola’s plays at the roulette table through shots of her placing her bets each time and the roulette wheel spinning and landing on the number she chose.

First bet

Second bet

What narrative forces/desires drive the edits of shot to shot? 

The narrative force at work in this scene is when Lola is playing at the roulette table through her actions such as holding her hands close to her face as if she is praying for this to work the first time she bets at the roulette table. The camera actively follows the roulette ball while flashing back to Lola praying, the dealer, and casino security. This builds up to Lola’s next bet as well as foreshadowing the casino security to try and escort Lola out of the building which adds more tension to the scene. Since if she fails to win the second spin she will lose everything. The edits and shots are driven by this narrative leading to the zooming in close-up shots of the roulette table while Lola screams during her second spin. As it effectively builds tension and suspense in the scene to see if Lola succeeds or ultimately fails yet again.

Lola with hands to face praying (1st play)

Lola screaming during her spin (2nd play)

How is time-stretched or compressed and why?

Time is stretched in this scene the second time the roulette wheel is spun while Lola screams and at the end of the roulette spin to reveal that the ball landed on the number 20 Lola betted on. This shot is stretched out with Lola’s scream in order to build suspense during the spin of the roulette wheel. This adds to the sheer determination and stress Lola has during this scene to get the 100,000 marks as everything is determined by the outcome of her bet.

Who Needs Bullet-time Anyway? | Run Lola Run

Screenshot of Run Lola Run, timestamp 14:04
Screenshot of Run Lola Run, timestamp 14:04

Sony Pictures Movies and Shows’ Run Lola Run (1999) is a German film that layers sequences to create compelling 20-minute montages that mirror the narrative’s 20-minute premise for Lola to reach her boyfriend, Manni, and recover 100,000 Deutsche Marks. There are many scenes of Lola running through the city, however many of these shots are manipulated so time feels like it is artificially slowed down. This effect simultaneously emphasizes Lola’s race against the ticking clocks heard throughout the film and artificially makes Lola appear to run faster than she should.

Consider the scene 16 minutes and 19 seconds into the movie where Lola races around the corner and the camera cuts to the inside of a car pulling out of a garage.

Screenshot from Run Lola Run, timestamp 16:19..
Screenshot from Run Lola Run, timestamp 16:19.

The camera cuts to a close up of the driver before showing Lola running towards the camera. We then see a reverse shot of the car emerging from the garage followed by two shots that cut on the motion of Lola running past.

Screenshot of Run Lola Run, timestamp 16:28.
Screenshot of Run Lola Run, timestamp 16:28.
Screenshot of Run Lola Run, timestamp 16:28.
Screenshot of Run Lola Run, timestamp 16:28.

This scene is successful in conveying the overall narrative of the movie because it gives the viewer perspective on how quickly Lola is moving and her frantic state of mind. Lola is only on screen for a few seconds of this sequence and framed using medium long shots or long shots to show her racing past. The camera cuts away from her quickly each time she is in frame.

In comparison, the camera lingers on a close-up of the driver and his astonished face which amplifies that Lola is moving at an unnatural speed. Her lack of reaction to nearly being run over by a car shows the viewer how singularly-focused she is on reaching Manni.

The careful continuity of this scene explains the current action on screen in addition to setting up the following two iterations of Lola’s run. Because the camera see so many angles of this scene, the viewer is able to understand where they are in later sequences that are edited with fewer shots than this first version. Establishing this location and introducing the driver allows for additional storytelling later in the movie without wasting time on re-establishing continuity within the scene itself.

Continuity Editing

Continuity Editing

For this video, I have documented my daughter’s play of volleyball. The first clip shows her first league game in 2015, at 11 years old. And, the video ends, with a 2020 beach tournament at age 17.

The clips show the hit of the ball — swing or bump (“pass”) of the forearms and the contact with the ball. To encourage continuity, each clip throughout is cut so the hit occurs consistently at similar timing.

I have utilized a variety of angles and distances:

  • from the court benches: medium, medium close-up
  • at a sand court, backyard: extreme long shot
  • at an indoor back court, sideline, right corner: medium long shot, from floor of court
  • at a side court, at sideline: medium long shot
  • from a opposite court: medium long shot

I added sound, an upbeat, “island” tune, with a similar beat to the hits of the ball. However, after comparing the music to the audio from the video itself, I thought the original audio was better in the theme of continuity. The sounds of the referees’ whistle and arm/hand hitting the ball at a consistent interval, helped in the depiction of continuity in action.

Run Lola Run

Continuity Editing: Run Lola Run

The split screen of Lola, Manni and the clock are fitting to the overall artistical approach of the narrative by which scenes, frames were cut and repeated.

This scene is the focal point around the incidents and the characters in this movie. Lola and Manni are racing against the clock. Both of them, individually, are looking for ways to come up with the money in 20 minutes. As a viewer, the time highlights how close, or not, are they to getting the money. And, for Lola, after getting the money, how much farther–in distance and time–is she from where Manni is, to save him.

To have the scene divided in thirds also mirrors Lola’s three visions of how the story would unfold. Whether she was killed in one, or Manni died in another, or finally, we have a happy ending where they both live and the money is handed off.

Continuity editing was presented in many ways. Aside from the running scenes — alot of running — frames from many angles and distances. Time was a constant. Whether you’re looking at the clock, or Lola and Manni asking people for the time, the viewer could feel the anxiety of every minute.

Urgency. The three scenarios. Time. What drove the narrative was the incidents of tragedy along the way and how they each plotted to get the money.

It seemed like time was stretched on the shots of running. The scenes of running were excessive. The length of distance and how she ran at full speed for such a long distance. It seemed like the tasks at hand and the distance was too much to accomplish in 20 minutes. The time was spent seeing Lola run versus more time/scenes spent outside of the running. Meaning, I would have liked to see more of the scene with her father, or the moments at the bank and market, or more on her Mom, interactions between Lola and Manni, etc. Instead, we saw Lola running through blocks and blocks.

Assignment 2-Continuity

I made this video of me making risotto and made sure to feature my anxiety medications. I wanted to making a slightly dark cooking video, by showing a well made dish created by someone with a mental illness that is supposed to hold them back.


Throughout this video, I used extreme close up, close ups, medium shots, and pans. I felt that these worked best with the message of the film I was trying to create, and the music I wanted to use.

From the stand point of framing and continuity editing, I think the shots I chose worked well, because the close ups look at very detailed things being done. Such as cutting and knives being pulled out of the chopping block. The medium shots work well in scenes like the wine bottle being opened.

What may not work so well is that I didn’t have enough long shots. Though I think because anxiety was a factor I was putting into the story, the closer shots helped with portraying this. This is because when people are anxious they feel a “room closing in” type sensation, which the closeness of the shots helped to portray.

60 Second Continuity Assignment (Making or Doing Something)

60 Second Continuity Assignment (Making or Doing Something)


I chose to record myself putting away groceries and the grocery bags. I used multiple different camera angles as I did not want the scene to be boring due to the repetitive nature of putting away groceries. For the first scene in the video, I used a Medium long shot to show the full location of the scene and the main action of the scene putting away groceries. The next shot is a close up of the inside of the grocery bag that helps set up what I will be putting away and the start of me unloading the groceries. I feel like I could have improved upon this scene through either a camera in a bag for a high-angle shot of myself looking into the bag, a cut of what is in the bag, then taking out the yogurt. For the third scene, a close-up shot of the yogurt on the counter helps show the audience where the yogurt was going when I took it out of the bag adding to the continuity. The next scene is a medium close-up of me walking to the fridge, further adding to the storytelling of putting away the groceries.  In the next scene, I put the camera inside the fridge to get the medium close-up of putting the yogurt away then blocking the camera with the yogurt as I place it in the fridge. This was to add continuity to where the groceries are going in the fridge. As well as for storytelling to demonstrate how I am filling the fridge by how the camera is blocked by the groceries. The next shot is a close-up on the outside of the fridge showing the inside and the exact location the yogurt and camera were. Next is a medium shot of me going back to the grocery bag to get the milk then back into the direction of the fridge. I then used another shot of the outside of the fridge looking inside and placing the milk then closing the door. I used a similar camera angle of the fridge to add to the storytelling of the repetitive task as well as to show that nothing else goes into the fridge as the door closes. The next shot emphasizes this, as it is a medium shot from inside of the fridge of the door closing. The next shot is a medium shot of moving the bananas out of the bag and into the bowl on the right. This adds to the continuity of the scene as it shows the rest of the items shown in the bag being placed and it also sets up the next location. I sped up the oranges and did a close-up, I wanted to emphasize how they are the quickest things to put away. The next scenes show the completion of the scene as the bags that had the groceries are put away ending the scene. I could have improved these shots by having a camera inside of the cabinet, similar to the fridge to enhance how repetitive the task is.


Bobby Wilson-Continuity Project

For this assignment I decided to try to emulate a rock n roll vibe from the 80s in a modern way. I used shots such as an empty shot of the guitar, and a motivated pov shot of me looking to play the guitar. I also used medium, and close up shots in continuity. I really enjoyed putting this together. Thank you, and I hope you enjoy as well as critique.