Tag Archives: DTC101


Authoring project 2

Authoring Project 2 pp

Digital Divide Paper and Presentation

DTC Final Paper

Digital Divide 2013

Rushkoff’s Four Commandments


Commandment number 7 is Contact. Digital media has been bringing people together by improving the communication and reducing distances among people. By creating supporting programs, people can actually talk any time that they want to; it is very comfortable and convenient. Plus, people can easily update other status through social network websites (Rushkoff 96).

Commandment number 8 is Abstraction. Base on the Internet access, people can post any information online and they can find the new information as the same way. However, people have to awake of information because they are lack of credibility and reliability. In contrast, it would be difficult for people who do not have the Internet access or the computer because they have spend more time for whatever they look for (Rushkoff 106).

Commandment number 9 is Openness. This commandment is about sharing the sources in the Internet; these sources have been sharing by reliable authors and departments. It is very important for all researchers nowadays and it actually saves lots of time consumption for using computer. The digital media and the Internet are very helpful tools for many people in the digital environment like today (Rushkoff 118).

Commandment number 10 is End Users. Software and Programs are needed to be creating to provide effectively outcome for using the digital media. Besides, there are lots of programs that improve human’s abilities such as listening, speaking and writing. Plus, some of them are enhancing the business’s managements to increase productive process for gaining more profits. Moreover, governments use digital media to control and maintain their entire nation’s status (Rushkoff 134).


Rushkoff’s 4 Commands


Social, Fact, Openness  and Purpose are the last four commands in Douglas Rushkoff’s Program or be Programmed: Ten Commands for a Digital Age. These last four commands are Rushkoff’s attempt to convince you to be involved with the wonderful world of technology. Rushkoff describes the social command as “the ongoing coevolution between people and technologies.” (p.90)and that “the bias of digital media is toward contact with other people”(p.90)

The idea behind Fact, is that the truth will always prevail. Rushkoff states if you “Put something false online”. . .” it will eventually be revealed as a lie.”(p.100) Just like in real life we must be very careful and deliberate about what we post online. Unlike lying in the physical world the lie that you put on the internet will be on the internet forever.

With Openness, Rushkoff believes that “Digital networks were built for the purpose of sharing computing resources by people who were themselves sharing resources, technologies, and credit in order to create it.”(p.112) According to Rushkoff, we also “often exploit the openness of others,” and we must learn to promote openness. And that openness refers to sharing, not stealing.

All digital technology must exist in a programmers mind before it can be created for the world to see. In In the last chapter, Purpose, Rushkoff says that, “we must learn how to make the software, or risk becoming the software.”(p.128) What he is saying is that if we don’t know how to develop this new technology, we might as well let someone else run our life.

Technology is important


In contemporary times, the commands that Douglas Rushkoff writes are important even if someone does not want a computer. This person is part of the digital divide because they are separated from digital media. Digital media should not be ‘shunned’ because “digital networks are biased toward social connections-toward contact” (Rushkoff 91) If someone refuses to use technology, then they are not connected to society. This is seen through the digital divide, since those who cannot connect to the ‘online community’ are noticed less often. Although people want to separate from technology because they think digital media is pointless, digital media is useful and needed for our society. Digital media is needed for our current society because “we must learn to tell the truth” (Rushkoff 108). The internet does have false information, but people want to know the truth and want it to be available to others. The digital divide makes this connection to the truth limited when someone does not have access to the internet. Our culture is composed of shared information online. Without being connected to the internet, then you cannot participate in sharing or obtaining certain information. For example, less newspapers and magazines are using hard copies because people are connected to the information online. Rushkoff’s main point is that if we do not program, then we will be programmed by our society. So people who separate themselves from technology because they do not want to be influenced are at the greatest risk of being influenced.

Evaluating the Internet Information


When I need to know new things, Internet search engines are the tools that I use to answer my questions right away. Today, there are so many search website such as Wikipedia, WorldCat as the library database and Google. The only remaining thing that I have to concern is about the credibility and reliability of this new information. That’s exactly how we have evaluating standards nowadays. For the Wikipedia, it gives me quick views of the information because all the data follow the same pattern; the definitions of the term of information always go on the top. That way, you can directly get the idea without reading the rest of the source. However, Wikipedia doesn’t have any credibility for academic writing assignment and this is the huge difference between Wikipedia and the library database. For the WorldCat, there are lots reliabilities and it is pretty to get citation from this source. Besides, I have to read the entire article to get the idea of the information, plus, some articles doesn’t seems to be accurate for what I look for even though their key words are matched. Additionally, the difference between WorldCat and Leonardo Electronic Almanac is the image that have been attached to each article on Leonardo website. With this advantage, researchers easily recognize how close their key words with the found related articles without reading them; it is a part of assisting method for the convenience of the researchers. In my opinion, Leonardo website has more reliabilities and credibility than Wikipedia; however, some articles will be hard to cite for academic writing assignments.

Locative Art


When I searched Wikipedia for locative Art, the website took me to the locative media page. What Wikipedia is, is basically an online super dictionary. Most of the info that came up on the locative media page was informational. However, one can’t always trust wikipedia to be correct when presenting their information. Wikipedia is an open book, anyone can be an author and change the information on any given page. This is why it can be unreliable. There is no way of knowing how credible the author is.

The next search I did for locative  art was on the Leonardo Electronic Almanac. This site is very different from Wikipedia. It is basically a site similar to the sites that many colleges use for research. When I typed locative art into the search box, the site pulled up many different abstracts, collections of abstracts, and books on the subject. While this site definitely seems like a much more reliable source for information, it also causes me to pause. The site looks too polished to be objective. Where did the money come from to make the site look so good? Are there certain authors or universities that are paying to get a better search placement?

When I searched for locative art on WorldCat  the site pulled up many different books on art. while the other sites pulled up pieces that had to do with electronic art, WorldCat pulled up books on modernism and renaissance art. Only showing me something that had to do with electronic art about halfway down the page. I feel las though I can trust this site because it is being utilized by a well known university.

Internet Credibility


“Locative art” searched in three different websites provides a list of possibilities. Wikipedia sent me to a page about locative media where locative art was a topic, Leonardo Electronic Almanac showed a list of blogs about the topic, and WorldCat showed a list of books about art. As the document “Evaluating Information Found on the internet” states, the information I was given on each cite can be useful “when we view it critically” (Hopkins). Wikipedia provided a list of references and I read through them to investigate their credibility. One reference was from the Leonardo cite, and the link provided an article published by two people from (supposedly) two different universities. Unfortunately most of their sources, like Wikipedia’s, were from internet sites which weakened the credibility. Like most information from the internet, information “becomes misinformation when they are repeated by sincerely misguided people” (Hopkins). The books from WorldCat are credible because you can find information about the authors to investigate their knowledge of the subject. Unfortunately they were not always relevant to locative art because the database searched for all text with those two words in the abstract. I can understand why people prefer searching for information on websites like Wikipedia because it gives you quick information. People do not check the sources or use credible sites because it is easier to use a site that is easier to use and gives more relevant information. “If you don’t know who wrote what you read or why they wrote it, you don’t know if it’s trustworthy” (Hopkins).

No Technology Sucked!

I have recently switched phones from the HTC One V to the iPhone 5, and I can tell you that I do not stay off my phone. Laptops or desktops, yes, I can handle staying away from. But my phone? No. On Sundays, our youth is not allowed to have our cell phones until we go home, so I considered that being my day challenge with no cell phone and whatever technology I owned. It was hard because I felt the need to check my phone, but I couldn’t. I always knew the ‘411,’ so they call it, or the latest news. The way I see changes through out that day was the fact that I wasn’t keeping track of what was going on around the area. Every time I’m using a computer device/cell phone, etc., I’m always being informed. I mainly use my phone to socialize, and that’s how I get informed. I feel like people who don’t have access to these devices get their information off the street, or from a friend of a friends. I know a bunch of people who don’t have cell phones or don’t have access to these that go out and find newspaper ads, or go in to stores and actually ask them if they’re hiring. Teenagers who don’t have access to these probably do their homework in an environment where they can access devices, such as the school, or even the library. Technology is always going to be around, just because someone doesn’t have access, doesn’t mean they don’t know where to get access.

Blog 12



As I went about my day without my smart phone and laptop, I now realize how dependent I am upon them. First I had no way to contact my boyfriend at all. Seeing as he doesn’t have a phone, our communication is strictly based through Facebook and school. Without my laptop we wouldn’t be able to socialize and interact unless it was in person. This correlated with Monroe’s “access divide”, where my frequency of my home computer was halted (9).

Secondly, my homework was affected. Seeing as I have an online class, my ability to access, complete, and submit my homework was halted. Furthermore, my contact with the professor is through email, so any chance I had of explaining myself was void. My dependency upon technology for school and work emphasizes Monroe’s “economic opportunity divide” where “my experience for taking a course online” was severely effected (9). In order to have figured out my homework I would have had to look up WSU’s number in a print version of Dex, call from a pay phone, and ask for my professor’s number.

Those who do not have access to a laptop or cell phone would not be able to complete an online class. They would have to commute to a public library or do their work at the university. Furthermore, they would have to do it when these establishments are open to the public. Looking up information would all have to be done by looking through a newspaper, phone book, or having access to a public library.